Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments of Genital Herpes
Genital herpes reflect a medical condition in which flesh or grey colored growth are created in the genital area or anal regions. Both male and female genders can become victim of this infection and it is a sexually transmitted disease. This infection can affect men and women of any age, but individuals between the ages of 17 to 33 are more likely to be attacked.This infection can also be transmitted to children by non-sexual methods. Causes A virus called human papillomavirus (HPV) is known to cause it. There are more than 100 types of out of which 40 are considered to have potential to infect genital areas. Herpes is also associated with other factors which include extreme sexual activity, having more than one sex partner, getting involved in sexual activities in early age and use of birth control pills to avoid conceiving.
Symptoms It normally causes burning and itching sensation. Both male and female patients of this infection have complaints of bumps, itching and discharge. In some cases bleeding and obstruction in urination also occurs. In males, appearance of soft growth along penile shaft or finger like projects in anus is a sign of infection. In female, infection has similar appearance and found in moisturized areas of labia minora and vaginal opening. Vaginal herpes usually occur without symptoms, but in some cases bleeding, itching and discharge may occur which indicates the presence of HSV. Diagnosis involves visual appearance of cauliflower and a history finding is also carried out. For a detailed diagnosis a few techniques have been developed which are as follows; • An enhanced technique developed for diagnostic purpose is called Acetowhitening. 5% of acetic acid solution is applied on suspected area for about 5-10 minutes. http://www.cdc.gov/std/herpes/treatment.htm
If infected area turns into white color, it shows its presence. • In colposcopy, a scope is used for magnified view of the lesions. This technique is mostly used for inspection of vaginal canal. • If the appearance is not normal or the problem recurs even after treatment, biopsy is recommended. • For sound evidence, laboratory tests can be performed. Treatment Before discussing medical treatment, a few preventive measures need to be mentioned to avoid happening of this infection. Sarah Wilcox
Trauma to the area should be avoided as it can result in bleeding; be careful about your sexual partner, avoid touching infected portions and picking or squeezing warts. As far as medical treatment is concerned, a number of procedures have been developed to cure it such as Cryotherapy that involves freezing of warts using liquid nitrogen and it is an efficient treatment method. Another option is laser treatment which is adopted for recurring type of genital herpes, but this is rather costly. The other options include surgery and electrodesiccation that involve use of electric current to destroey genital herpes.